The Botswana Police Service has been ranked no. 1 in Africa and 47 out of 127 countries in the World Internal Security and Police Index (WISPI), released by the Institute of Economics and Peace (IEP).
The 10 under-performing African countries are Madagascar (111th), Zambia (112th), Ethiopia (115th), Sierra Leone (117th), Cameroon (120th), Mozambique (122nd), Uganda (124th), Kenya (125th), Democratic Republic of Congo (126th).
The stated aim of the WISPI, which was commissioned by the International Police Science Association with the support of the Sharjah Police Department, is to:
“Firstly, measure security provider performance across the four domains of internal security: capacity, process, legitimacy and outcomes.
“Secondly, to see how these domains relate to each other and finally to track trends in these domains over time, and to inform the work of security providing agencies, researchers, and practitioners in the field of peace and conflict studies, criminology, and police studies.”
The Index thus aims to measure the ability of the security apparatus within a country to respond to internal security challenges, both now and in the future.
For the purposes of the Index, ‘security apparatus’ predominantly refers to the police, although a number of indicators also touch upon the ability of the military, the judicial system, and the private sector to address internal security issues.
WISPI consists of 16 indicators across four different domains: capacity, effectiveness, legitimacy, and outcomes. The full list of indicators across the four domains of Capacity, Process, Legitimacy and Outcomes.
Botswana’s composite score for all indicators was 0.6876. The highest ranking country in the Index was Singapore with a score of 0.8978, while the lowest was Nigeria with 0.2554.
The report further noted that while Sub-Saharan African generally underperformed:
“There are some sub-Saharan African countries that perform well on the Index, most noticeably Botswana, which ranked 47th, and Rwanda, which ranked 50th. Both Botswana and Rwanda perform strongly on the process and legitimacy domains, with Botswana in particular having low levels of reported bribe payments to police, and high levels of confidence in police at the local level.”
World Internal Security and Police Index is a companion to the IEP’s Positive Peace Report and Index, in which it was recently noted that Botswana is one of only two countries in the world to have graduated to a “high peace” ranking over the past decade.
Botswana was ranked 43 out of 163 countries in the IEP’s 2017 Positive Peace Index and 27 out of 163 countries in its 2017 Global Peace Index.
The report has meanwhile infuriated the Nigerian Police Force (NPF) who have dismissed it as ‘misleading’ after Nigeria was placed at the bottom of the pile.
In a statement issued today, the NPF trashed the assessment as unempirical and instead proclaimed itself one of the best in the world.
“Nigeria Police Force is the best in UN Peace Keeping Operations, Best in Africa, One of the Best in the World. The Force rejects the report as unempirical and absolute falsehood, should be disregarded and discountenanced”, said the police in a preface to their statement of objection to the report .
“The Nigeria Police Force after a careful study of the report and the news items emanating from it, wishes to state categorically that the report is entirely misleading, a clear misrepresentation of facts and figures and essentially unempirical, considering the area of coverage of the report which was said to have been carried out in 2016 by the above mentioned associations.
“The report did not take into cognisance the significant improvement in the areas of Capacity Building, Training and Re-training of the entire personnel of the Force as provided for by the current Federal Government of Nigeria and other Foreign and Local NGOs which has greatly improved the efficiency and service delivery of the personnel of the Force throughout the country.”